X-Ray Crystallography as a Tool to Understand the Structure-Property Relationship in Metal-Organic Frameworks for the Synthesis of Desired Sensor Materials

Conference: 2022: 72nd ACA Annual Meeting
Alisha Gogia Poster Author
New Mexico Highlands University
Las Vegas, NM 
07/30/2022: 5:30 PM - 7:30 PM
Poster Session 
Portland Marriott Downtown Waterfront 
Room: Exhibit Hall 


Metal–organic framework (MOF)-based sensors for the detection of various analyte molecules has been a subject of absolute importance. However, most of these sensors rely on the turn-off (quenching) transduction response, while those reporting turn-on response are very rare. Here, we present two new MOF-based sensors, {[Zn2(oxdz)2(tpbn)]·14H2O}n (1) and {[Zn2(oxdz)2(tpxn)]·10H2O·2C2H5OH}n (2), via the self-assembly of Zn(II) metal ions, a fluorogenic oxdz2– linker, and bis(tridentate) ligands (tpbn and tpxn) under ambient conditions. Their formation from such a self-assembly process has been evaluated on the basis of the geometry around the five-coordinated Zn(II), preferential meridional binding of the bis(tridentate) ligands, and diverse binding of the carboxylate groups in oxdz2– studied using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The bulk phase purity and the similarity of the bulk materials of 1 and 2 is studied through powder X-ray diffraction analysis. Although 1 and 2 are isostructural, a difference in the transduction mechanism for the sensing of acetylacetone in organic solvents (turn-on for 1 and turn-off for 2) is observed and can be attributed to the spacer in the bis(tridentate) ligands. We have demonstrated the competing effect of the nonradiative interactions and photoinduced electron transfer toward the sensing mechanism. The results are well-supported by the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy study, intensity versus concentration plots, spectral overlap measurements, time-resolved fluorescence studies, and MM2 and density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, we have showcased the utilization of 1 for the sensing of trace amounts of water in organic solvents.