F11: Occupational Safety and Health Issues Among Migrant Workers in Taiwan

Yu-Kang Liu Student Co-Presenter
Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Taiwan University
Taipei, Taipei 
I-Hsuan Tsai Student Presenter
National Taiwan University
Taipei, Taiwan 
Wan-Chen Lee Student Moderator
Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Taipei, Taipei 
Tue, 5/23: 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM PDT
Student Presentation 
Phoenix Convention Center 
Room: Nexus Lounge, North 227 B 
CM Credit Hours:


Well-functioning occupational safety and health (OSH) programs have been the foundation to strengthen global economic development. OSH policies and practices for migrant workers are issues of concern to all countries worldwide, as mentioned by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Migrant workers face various factors that exacerbate their vulnerability, including language barriers, lack of access to training and education, limited legal protection, and discrimination.
Taiwan, like many high-income countries, relies heavily on migrant workers. However, information on occupational accident prevention strategies for migrant workers is lacking, making it difficult to comprehensively evaluate the risk factors and the effectiveness of education and training. Despite implementation shortcomings, the Labor Insurance coverage requirements for migrant workers in Taiwan have provided a comprehensive database to demonstrate statistical information and to identify critical risk factors.
This study utilized the databases of labor insurance and the major occupational accidents to identify the incidence rate of work-related accidents among migrant workers compared with domestic workers in Taiwan. Meanwhile, the on-site investigation was also conducted through questionnaires and interviews with the managers, domestic laborers, and migrant workers to gain insight into their OSH experiences, perceptions, and challenges. Overall, language barriers were found to be the most prevalent obstacles in delivering effective training programs, and a reliable evaluation system is needed to assess the efficacy of the training for migrant workers.

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion, the participant will be able to:
1. Outline the occupational safety and health (OSH) situation of migrant workers in Taiwan in the past decade (2012-2021)
2. Summarize the risk factors of occupational accidents by quantifying the incidence rate of migrant workers compared with domestic laborers in Taiwan
3. Integrate the perspectives of migrant workers, Taiwanese workers, and managers on the OSH challenges and the implementation of education and training among migrant workers
4. Analyze the roles, relationships, and resources of the entities influencing the OSH conditions of migrant workers 

Content Level


Organizational Category


Primary Industry



Academic Track
Changing Workplaces, Workforce, and Work Arrangements
Communicating OEHS Concepts